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of the
Modern City

      a taxonomy of the unplanned      


subnatural growth

over time


subcultural growth

over time


urban reality




extreme nature

extreme culture

Diagram of subnatural environments

What is subnature?

All known environments are hybrids of subnatural and subcultural events, in variable and ever-changing degrees. From the wilderness of a bamboo forests, to the chaotic movement of a Tokyo scramble; each and every environment is constantly being reshaped by, and is actively reshaping, the extremes of 'nature' and 'culture'.


The modern city can be typified by its human-dominated design agendas. Highways, parks, tower blocks, pedestian walkways, and ferry ports, all provide a safe and cleansed network for subcultural events to thrive in. But the aesthetics of the modern city also have a universal and unavoidable subnatural side too. Despite their complete absence in urban designs and glossy architectural renders - events such as dust, smoke, and pigeon faeces, still remain ever-present in the modern world.

A window is designed to "look out onto nature". Rather than attempting to expunge these subnatural realities in pursuit of 

Architecture, meet Geology

Title: Geomorphologies

Annual 01 - 2017 -

Architecture, meet Wildlife

Title: East of Eden

Annual 02 - 2018 -

Architecture, meet "_______"

Click Here to sponsor Annual 03 

and receive a free sketch

Sponsor Annual 03 - 2019 -

Wilder Cities

Annual Journal

The Vogue

Hong Kong's Obsession with Palms

The Primitive

Pink Dolphin

The Cleansing

The Filthy

Nara Deer fill the streets

The Cute

Houtan Cat Village

The Fearful


The Factory

China's changing cuisine

The Uncontrollable

Killing times (china ordered to kill 3 insects

Cormerant fishing in Japan

The Patriot

The Stray

China's Pandas

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